|Theobald Hepatitis B Foundation is a patients group and a nonprofit organization (NGO)registered in Ghana. It seeks to promote awareness of the prevalence and incidence of viral hepatitis, and to educate the public in the prevention of the spread of the virus and treatment options. In addition, it seeks to serve as the primary source of information for patients and their families.
Theobald Hepatitis B Foundation is Affiliated to World Hepatitis Alliance (WHA), headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, Ghana Coalition of NGOs in Health, the U.S. National Association of Hepatitis Task Force (NAHTF) and Coalition to Eradicate Viral Hepatitis in Asia Pacific (CEVHAP) and Hepatitis B Foundation in US.
Hepatitis B in Ghana
Viral Hepatitis (i.e. hepatitis A, B C, D and E) is a serious and common infectious disease of the liver, affecting millions of people worldwide. It is estimated that to kill over 1 million people each year and an estimated 1 in 12 persons are currently infected and have to face a life with liver disease.
Ghana belongs to the areas where the prevalence of chronic HBV infection is high (≥8%)1 and that of hepatitis C virus is also high (5-10%)2 There is high prevalence of HBV ( approx. 30%) among blood donors. In the year ending 2010 the incidence of Viral hepatitis in Ghana was 43/100,000 pop. with 102 deaths which represents a 30% increase as compared to the year 2006 incidence of 30/100,000 pop.3
What kind of a virus is hepatitis B?
The hepatitis B virus is a DNA virus, meaning that its genetic material is made up of deoxyribonucleic acids. It belongs to a family of viruses known as Hepadnaviridae. The virus is primarily found in the liver but is also present in the blood and certain body fluids.
Hepatitis B virus consists of a core particle (central portion) and a surrounding envelope (outer coat). The core is made up of DNA and the core antigen (HBcAg). The envelope contains the surface antigen (HBsAg). These antigens are present in the blood and are markers that are used in the diagnosis and evaluation of patients with suspected viral hepatitis.
HEPATITIS IS TREATABLE & PREVENTABLE!
KNOW IT, CONFRONT IT AND GET TESTED